Vigenère cipher online encoder and decoder. Encrypt and decrypt any cipher created in a Vigenère cipher. You can use any shift and additionally a key for more precise text encoding.

With the help of the calculator you will calculate the determinant of the fourth degree matrix by the Laplace Expansion method. You will learn step by step how the calculations are performed and we will get explanations of each action. A useful tool for learning, consolidating, checking your own calculations and understanding the Laplace method.

With the Fractions Calculator, you can subtract any two mixed numbers or proper and improper fractions. Fractions Calculator will show you the result of operations on fractions step by step and will give you explanations of the operations performed to subtracting fractions. You will learn how to simplify fractions, how to find a common denominator, how to find the least common multiple and the greatest common divisor.

Use the Ishihara test to check if you suffer from color blindness, to what extent your defect is Protanopia or Deuteranopia, or maybe just insufficient differentiation between red and green shades. As a result, in addition to the diagnosis, you will have the opportunity to check how each of the Ishihara plates is seen by people with various visual impairments, and if you have a defect, they will allow you to see what is on the plates.

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